This lecture will cover an exciting but hardly known moment in the history of Spain and Europe, that of the liberal revolutions of the early 19th Century, which would put an end to mediaeval society and would start the Modern World. The two main revolutions that have gained universal recognition are the American Revolution that gave way to the independence of the United States of America and the French Revolution that began the end of the Ancient Régime in Europe.
But there is a third revolutionary process that has gone largely unnoticed, the ‘Spanish Revolution’ of the early Nineteenth Century that developed in parallel to, and was eclipsed by, the Spanish War of independence against the French invaders led by Napoleon Bonaparte. A Constitution was created in Spain that sanctioned the end of the Ancient Régime and settled the Sovereignty of the People in the Country, putting an end to the Inquisition, for instance. But the future road would not be easy….
Manuel Parodi has a European PhD in History and Archaeology and is a specialist in archaeological and economic history (especially of Antiquity) and a cultural heritage analyst. He is currently working as a researcher at the University of Jaén in Andalucia and is a Member of the Governing Board of the illustrious College of Doctors and Graduates of Seville-Huelva. He has also taught as a visiting Lecturer at several Spanish and foreign Universities and is the author of some thirty books and 200 scientific articles about history, cultural and historical heritage.